The most common cause of Hallux limitus is an abnormal alignment of the long bone behind the big toe joint called the first metatarsal bone. In this condition, the first metatarsal bone is elevated relative to the other metatarsal bones that lie behind the other toes. When this is the case, the big toe joint cannot move smoothly and jamming occurs at the joint. A variety of symptoms can begin to occur. One common problem that occurs is pain in the bottom of the big toe where a central callus can develop. Years back, eye eye slipped on a soapy damp floor. eye flung out my arm to conserve myself, and landed with all my weight on one hand. The physician stated the majority of individuals would have broken their wrist, and it was a pity eye hadn't! eyenstead, the shock soared my arm and into my neck, herniation a disk. Corns typically occur on the upper joints of the toes whilst callous are typically found under the sole of the feet , specifically under the big toe, little toe joint and the central ball of the foot It can be caused from wearing shoes that are too tight, too short or even too big and sloppy. Going barefoot frequently can cause them. Anything that causes rubbing, pressure or pinching of the skin on your foot can subsequently result in a callus. Calluses are in fact an extremely common malady with approximately 14 percent of adults getting calluses annually. Look in the better drug stores for a tool called a corn and calluses trimmer, which is specially made for removing thick calluses. As always do use such a tool with caution and seek professional assistance if unsure. The first step to treatment is finding out the cause of the callus. Do you have a foot deformity? Do you have a bunion or a hammertoe? Any type of deformity that rubs on the shoe will result in callus formation. Do you have abnormal mechanics? For example, pronation. If your feet roll in excessively, it is common to have callus development at the inside of the heel and at the big toe. In some instances trauma (either direct injury or overuse from walking or sport) can predispose to hammertoes. Patients who have other conditions such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and neuromuscular conditions are more likely to develop hammertoes. In my own reflexology practice I have chosen to work mainly with the feet whenever possible. I do also work the reflexes in the hands, however only secondary to the feet. I will work your hands at your request if you prefer, or if you are too ticklish to have your feet touched! If injury prevents me from working on your feet I will work on your hands. Also, if you have specific foot conditions which prevent me from working the whole foot, or certain areas of your foot, I would work either the whole hand or just the reflexes which correspond to the affected area of the foot. One method to avoid sore feet is by putting on shoes that give you excellent arch support. If the shoes you currently have don't have much arch support, travel to the medicine establishment and get some arch support insoles. And take a look at the other readily available insoles, too. They could be able to assist with a great deal of your aching feet problems A foot callus can be best described as a thickening of the surface layer of the skin. This is usually in response to some form of pressure being applied on the foot. Here are some causes of foot calluses and effective treatment options. read more I have good luck rubbing my callouses when my feet are dry. I just use an inexpensive callous remover purchased from the drug store. Using this on my feet when they were dry was much more effective than after a shower when the callouses were soft. Be careful not to take off too much or your feet will be too tender. I get callouses from going barefoot or in sandals in the summer time. (08/03/2008) Obese people have a lot of body weight directed to the legs and feet. The extra weight causes the sweat glands to get damaged, thereby resulting in cracking of the feet. In this type of pedicure, feet are dipped in a water tank containing fish, called doctor fish or Garra rufa. These fish nibble the dead skin from your feet. They do not have teeth; hence, they simply suck on the dead skin. After this, a regular pedicure procedure is followed. The end result is very soft and clean feet. This type of pedicure is very popular across the globe. After your soak, rinse well and towel dry. Massage feet (and hands!) with your favorite lotion (Johnson's Baby Lotion is a personal favorite). Add a bit of polish remover to a cotton ball to remove excess oil from nails before polishing.